Bus preferential measures (BPM)
Why bus preferential measures?
Bus preferential measures (BPM) consist of installations on the road system that ensure priority is given to public transit, thereby improving the reliability and on-time delivery of service, and increasing public transportation’s attractiveness and modal share.
Such measures make it possible to provide faster, more regular and timely service, while giving public transit a competitive edge over cars. They result in shorter travel times for passengers, a lesser environmental impact thanks to fewer GHG emissions, and lower deployment costs.
27 reserved lanes exclusively for buses and taxis (at December 31, 2013)
They allow buses and taxis to operate on an exclusive roadway, thus avoiding traffic congestion, while offering significant advantages in terms of reliability, timeliness and comfort for passengers.
They feature ground markings, separate signage (either lane-side or overhead) and are operational during rush hour, off-peak periods or 24 hours a day.
Queue bypass lanes
With road markings and special signage, queue bypass lanes enable buses to avoid traffic as they approach certain intersections.
« Candlestick » priority traffic signals
When the vertical white light appears on traffic signals, buses are given priority and a head start over motorists.
- Priority departure for buses at intersections
- 4- to 5-second head start
- In the direction of heaviest ridership
Active priority traffic lights
Buses request priority from traffic signals as they approach an intersection. Either the green light or white priority signal is extended, allowing the bus to drive through and avoid stopping for a red light.
Example: Boulevard Saint-Michel reserved lane
- 40,000 passenger rides a day on the 67 and 467 bus lines
- 15 to 20% shorter travel times, or 6 to 8 minutes
- On-time bus performance: 94.6 %
- 45 tons of avoided GHG emissions
Opinions expressed by passengers about the Boulevard Saint-Michel reserved lane
95% of customers believe bus preferential measures are useful and improve their ride
91% feel that bus schedules are complied with and investments are worthwhile
82% notice shorter travel times and 81% want reserved lanes for all bus service
And 73% enjoy greater comfort
Source: STM passenger survey - 2010
New reserved lanes on Viau
Two new reserved lane segments are in service
- between De Viterbe and Saint-Zotique
- between Rosemont and Pierre-De Coubertin
Southbound: 6:30 a.m. to 9:30 a.m.
Northbound: 3:30 p.m. to 6:30 p.m.
Automobile traffic and parking are not permitted in the reserved lanes when in service
PILOT PROJECT - bus-bike-taxi reserved lane between Rosemont and Pierre-De Coubertin
Montréal is well known for its citizens’ interest in alternative methods of transportation including buses and bikes. This pilot project allowing for the cohabitation of these two forms of transportation.
Viau reserved lane offers several benefits:
- Trips that are more efficient
- Service that is more regular and more punctual
- Lower greenhouse gas emissions in your sector
- A safe and comfortable layout for the movement of buses and bikes
It’s a first!
This is the first test of cohabitation between buses and bikes in a reserved lane. We will conduct assessments and,depending on the results, this type of reserved lane could be implemented elsewhere in Montréal.
Advantages of the reserved lane
- More efficiency way to travel
- More regular and on-time delivery of service
- Fewer greenhouse gases on these lines
Hours of service
- Eastbound : between Elmhurst and Girouard, from 6:30 to 9:30 a.m.
- Westbound : between Addington and West Broadway, from 3:30 to 6:30 p.m.
On-steet parking is permitted on opposite side of reserved lane during operation hours.
This reserved lane for buses and taxis is a joint initiative by the city of Montréal and Transports Québec.